Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
150,969
24.4% 1-year decline
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
US Senator
Katie Britt
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
41.3
1.72% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
18.1%
0.919% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$54,171
9.43% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$154,200
16.4% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL had a population of 151k people with a median age of 41.3 and a median household income of $54,171. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL declined from 199,567 to 150,969, a −24.4% decrease and its median household income grew from $49,501 to $54,171, a 9.43% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (68.2%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (23.7%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.77%), White (Hispanic) (1.89%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.04%).

3.73% of the households in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.9% of the residents in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL are Alabama College of Osteopathic Medicine (150 degrees awarded in 2022) and Fortis College-Dothan (94 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL was $154,200, and the homeownership rate was 69.1%.

Most people in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL is home to a population of 151k people, from which 98.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 2.21% of Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL residents were born outside of the country (3.33k people).

In 2022, there were 2.88 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (103k people) in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.18k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL are Spanish (3,284 households), Korean (286 households), and German (205 households).

Citizenship

98.9%
2022 Citizenship
98.9%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.9% of Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    103k ± 459
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    35.7k ± 315
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    4.18k ± 355
3.64%
Hispanic Population
5.5k people

In 2022, there were 2.88 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (103k people) in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.18k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.64% of the people in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL are hispanic (5.5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.21%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
3.33k people
2.4%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
4.79k people

As of 2022, 2.21% of Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL residents (3.33k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL was 2.4%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    3,284 households (2.31%)
  2. Korean
    286 households (0.201%)
  3. German
    205 households (0.144%)

3.73% of the households in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL was Spanish. 2.31% of the households in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,393 ± 248
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,171 ± 310
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,115 ± 236

Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.07 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL employs 55.8k people. The largest industries in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL are Restaurants & Food Services (3,883 people), Construction (3,255 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,061 people), and the highest paying industries are Scientific research & development services ($132,998), National security & international affairs ($126,777), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($126,756).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
36,264
Women
46.7%
41,408
Men
53.3%

The workforce of Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL in 2020 was 77,672 people, with 46.7% woman, and 53.3% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

55.8k
2022 Value
−29%
1 Year decline
± −29%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL declined at a rate of −29%, from 78.5k employees to 55.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL, are Retail salespersons (1,908 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,807 people), and Cashiers (1,646 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

55.8k
2022 Value
−29%
1 Year decline
± −29%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL declined at a rate of −29%, from 78.5k employees to 55.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL, are Restaurants & Food Services (3,883 people), Construction (3,255 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,061 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL, though some of these residents may live in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$45,832
Median earning men ± $1,184
$30,619
Median earning women ± $1,172

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($71,390), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($70,000), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($57,722).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($48,152), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,772), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($45,658).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
2.1%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.13M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 2.1% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.2%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Alabama went to Donald J. Trump with 62% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (36.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.08%).

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021
Katie Britt
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL awarded 244 degrees. The student population of Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 389 male students and 499 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL are White (110 and 45.1%), followed by Black or African American (75 and 30.7%), Asian (39 and 16%), and Hispanic or Latino (15 and 6.15%).

The largest universities in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL by number of degrees awarded are Alabama College of Osteopathic Medicine (150 and 61.5%) and Fortis College-Dothan (94 and 38.5%).

The most popular majors in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL are Osteopathic Medicine/Osteopathy (150 and 61.5%), Medical Assistant (59 and 24.2%), and HVAC Maintenance (18 and 7.38%).

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.887% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.04% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (36.2k), Some college (25.9k), and Secondary Education (18.2k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL was $154,200 in 2022, which is 0.547 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $132,500 to $154,200, a 16.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL is 69.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL have an average commute time of 23.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL is $54,171. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL was Shelby County (North)--Hoover (South), Alabaster (North) & Pelham Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $99,892, followed by Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL and Madison County (North & East)--Huntsville City (East) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $91,916 and $91,201.

Property

$154,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$3,116
$40,520
Median Property Taxes
±$992

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

69.1%
Homeownership
2022
67%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 69.1% of the housing units in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL was Shelby County (North)--Hoover (South), Alabaster (North) & Pelham Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $99,892, followed by Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL and Madison County (North & East)--Huntsville City (East) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $91,916 and $91,201.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$54,171
Median Household Income
± $1,333
58.6k
Number of Households
± 1,281

In 2022, the median household income of the 58.6k households in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL grew to $54,171 from the previous year's value of $49,501.

The following chart displays the households in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.45
2022 Wage GINI in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL
0.452
2021 Wage GINI in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL

In 2022, the income inequality in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL was 0.45 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.49% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (86.4%)
  2. Carpooled (7.91%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.04%)

In 2022, 86.4% of workers in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.91%) and those who worked at home (4.04%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL have a shorter commute time (23.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.59% of the workforce in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

18.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL (27k out of 149k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

88.4% of the population of Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL has health coverage, with 37.9% on employee plans, 20.4% on Medicaid, 13.5% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 2.78% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Alabama see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1534 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2026 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 846 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
1,519 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alabama

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1,534 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.7% under 18 years, 18.9% between 18 and 34 years, 38.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.5% were men and 52.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11.6%
Uninsured
37.9%
Employer Coverage
20.4%
Medicaid
13.5%
Medicare
13.8%
Non-Group
2.78%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL grew by 5.31% from 11% to 11.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Houston, Geneva & Henry Counties--Dothan City PUMA, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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