Lancaster, PA

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
553,202
0.494% 1-year growth
US Senator
Bob Casey Jr.
Democratic Party
US Senator
John Fetterman
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
39
0.775% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
8.18%
4.82% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$81,458
10.5% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$263,600
15% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
279,799
0.368% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Lancaster, PA had a population of 553k people with a median age of 39 and a median household income of $81,458. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Lancaster, PA grew from 550,480 to 553,202, a 0.494% increase and its median household income grew from $73,688 to $81,458, a 10.5% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Lancaster, PA are White (Non-Hispanic) (80.2%), White (Hispanic) (4.21%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.36%), Other (Hispanic) (3.27%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (2.94%).

None of the households in Lancaster, PA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.9% of the residents in Lancaster, PA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lancaster, PA are Millersville University of Pennsylvania (1,782 degrees awarded in 2022), Franklin and Marshall College (646 degrees), and Elizabethtown College (585 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Lancaster, PA was $263,600, and the homeownership rate was 69.9%.

Most people in Lancaster, PA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Lancaster, PA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Lancaster, PA is home to a population of 553k people, from which 97.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.36% of Lancaster, PA residents were born outside of the country (29.7k people).

In 2022, there were 19.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (444k people) in Lancaster, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.3k White (Hispanic) and 18.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.9%
2022 Citizenship
97.8%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.9% of Lancaster, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Lancaster, PA was 97.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lancaster, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Lancaster, PA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    444k ± 904
  2. White (Hispanic)
    23.3k ± 1.85k
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    18.6k ± 887
11.2%
Hispanic Population
62.1k people

In 2022, there were 19.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (444k people) in Lancaster, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.3k White (Hispanic) and 18.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

11.2% of the people in Lancaster, PA are hispanic (62.1k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Lancaster, PA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    99,082 ± 7,698 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    90,229 ± 7,349 people
  3. China
    69,880 ± 6,473 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 99,082 Pennsylvania residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 90,229 and China with 69,880.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.36%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
29.7k people
5.54%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
30.5k people

As of 2022, 5.36% of Lancaster, PA residents (29.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lancaster, PA was 5.54%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lancaster, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    9,104 ± 602
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,990 ± 527
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    3,366 ± 535

Lancaster, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.28 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Lancaster, PA employs 280k people. The largest industries in Lancaster, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (43,461 people), Manufacturing (42,306 people), and Retail Trade (33,342 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($107,168), Utilities ($92,733), and Public Administration ($65,196).

Males in Pennsylvania have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $62,610. The income inequality in Pennsylvania (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

280k
2022 Value
± 4,128
0.368%
1 Year growth
± 2.1%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Lancaster, PA grew at a rate of 0.368%, from 279k employees to 280k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lancaster, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (30,081 people), Management Occupations (29,336 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (25,524 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lancaster, PA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Pennsylvania (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

280k
2022 Value
± 4,128
0.368%
1 Year growth
± 2.1%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Lancaster, PA grew at a rate of 0.368%, from 279k employees to 280k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lancaster, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (43,461 people), Manufacturing (42,306 people), and Retail Trade (33,342 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lancaster, PA, though some of these residents may live in Lancaster, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$56,032
Median earning men ± $851
$35,418
Median earning women ± $843

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($76,213), Public Administration ($73,367), and Information ($65,503).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($51,769), Public Administration ($50,614), and Manufacturing ($44,401).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Y-Axis
2.78%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 6.03M people employed in Pennsylvania. This represents a 2.78% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 18.1%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Pennsylvania.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 4,616
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 3,861
    Manufacturing
  3. 2,671
    Other Services, Except Public Administration

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Pennsylvania went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 50% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (48.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.15%).

Bob Casey Jr. and John Fetterman are the senators currently representing the state of Pennsylvania. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Pennsylvania is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Pennsylvania

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Bob Casey Jr.
Senator from Pennsylvania1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
John Fetterman
Senator from Pennsylvania3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Bob Casey Jr. and John Fetterman are the senators currently representing Pennsylvania.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Pennsylvania over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Pennsylvania have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Lancaster, PA awarded 4,946 degrees. The student population of Lancaster, PA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 6,973 male students and 9,740 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lancaster, PA are White (3,467 and 72.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (466 and 9.77%), Black or African American (404 and 8.47%), and Asian (152 and 3.19%).

The largest universities in Lancaster, PA by number of degrees awarded are Millersville University of Pennsylvania (1,782 and 36%), Franklin and Marshall College (646 and 13.1%), and Elizabethtown College (585 and 11.8%).

The most popular majors in Lancaster, PA are Registered Nursing (356 and 7.2%), General Business Administration & Management (279 and 5.64%), and Social Work (174 and 3.52%).

The median tuition costs in Lancaster, PA are $30,408 for private four year colleges, and $9,570 and $19,290 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Lancaster, PA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 64.4%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 22.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 16,713 (41.7% men and 58.3% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 16,713 students enrolled in Lancaster, PA, 41.7% men and 58.3% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 11,501 records, of which 58.7% were women and 41.3% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 258 degrees awarded
  2. 160 degrees awarded
  3. 152 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Lancaster, PA was General Business Administration & Management with 258 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Lancaster, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,782 degrees awarded
  2. 646 degrees awarded
  3. 585 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Millersville University of Pennsylvania with 1,782 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,862 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lancaster, PA, which is 0.604 times less than the 3,084 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 3,467 degrees mean that there were 7.44 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 466 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($30,408) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($2,692) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($2,000) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Measure

In 2022, 0.733% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.743% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (3.5M), Bachelors Degree (1.98M), and Some college (1.83M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lancaster, PA was $263,600 in 2022, which is 0.935 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $229,300 to $263,600, a 15% increase. The homeownership rate in Lancaster, PA is 69.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Lancaster, PA have an average commute time of 23.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Lancaster, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Lancaster, PA is $81,458. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Lancaster, PA was Chester County, PA with a value of $118,574, followed by Bucks County, PA and Montgomery County, PA, with respective values of $107,826 and $107,441.

Property

$263,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$2,730
$146,185
Median Property Taxes
±$2,782

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lancaster, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Lancaster, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

69.9%
Homeownership
2022
65.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 69.9% of the housing units in Lancaster, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Lancaster, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lancaster, PA was Chester County, PA with a value of $118,574, followed by Bucks County, PA and Montgomery County, PA, with respective values of $107,826 and $107,441.

The following map shows all of the counties in Lancaster, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$81,458
Median Household Income
± $1,462
209k
Number of Households
± 3,705

In 2022, the median household income of the 209k households in Lancaster, PA grew to $81,458 from the previous year's value of $73,688.

The following chart displays the households in Lancaster, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lancaster, PA is from Pennsylvania.
0.466
2022 Wage GINI in Pennsylvania
0.467
2021 Wage GINI in Pennsylvania

In 2022, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.123% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (74.1%)
  2. Carpooled (10.5%)
  3. Worked At Home (9.07%)

In 2022, 74.1% of workers in Lancaster, PA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.5%) and those who worked at home (9.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lancaster, PA have a shorter commute time (23.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.31% of the workforce in Lancaster, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lancaster, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lancaster, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lancaster, PA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

8.18% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lancaster, PA (44.2k out of 540k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 75+.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lancaster, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

88.8% of the population of Lancaster, PA has health coverage, with 49.8% on employee plans, 12.4% on Medicaid, 14.1% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 0.806% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see 1222 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.05% decrease from the previous year (1235 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1406 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 421 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
1,222 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Pennsylvania

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,222 patients per year. This represents a 1.05% decrease from the previous year (1,235 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.9% under 18 years, 20.7% between 18 and 34 years, 36.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.7% were men and 51.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11.2%
Uninsured
49.8%
Employer Coverage
12.4%
Medicaid
14.1%
Medicare
11.7%
Non-Group
0.806%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lancaster, PA declined by 4.42% from 11.7% to 11.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lancaster, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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