Ponce, PR

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
222,831
1.56% 1-year decline
2022 Median Age
43.1
1.41% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
49.4%
1.5% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$19,867
7.74% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$104,200
8.65% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
63,287
2.17% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Ponce, PR had a population of 223k people with a median age of 43.1 and a median household income of $19,867. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Ponce, PR declined from 226,358 to 222,831, a −1.56% decrease and its median household income grew from $18,439 to $19,867, a 7.74% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Ponce, PR are White (Hispanic) (48.5%), Two+ (Hispanic) (36.7%), Other (Hispanic) (8.38%), Black or African American (Hispanic) (5.82%), and White (Non-Hispanic) (0.351%).

None of the households in Ponce, PR reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

The largest universities in Ponce, PR are Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (1,178 degrees awarded in 2022), Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (675 degrees), and University of Puerto Rico at Ponce (379 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Ponce, PR was $104,200, and the homeownership rate was 71.7%.

Most people in Ponce, PR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Ponce, PR was 2 cars per household.

Ponce, PR borders .

About the photo: Early Morning Ponce, PR

Population & Diversity

In 2022, there were 1.32 times more White (Hispanic) residents (108k people) in Ponce, PR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 81.7k Two+ (Hispanic) and 18.7k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Ponce, PR
  1. White (Hispanic)
    108k ± 3.12k
  2. Two+ (Hispanic)
    81.7k ± 2.97k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    18.7k ± 1.84k
99.5%
Hispanic Population
222k people

In 2022, there were 1.32 times more White (Hispanic) residents (108k people) in Ponce, PR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 81.7k Two+ (Hispanic) and 18.7k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

99.5% of the people in Ponce, PR are hispanic (222k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Ponce, PR as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Puerto Rico.
Most Common Origin
  1. Dominican Republic
    51,093 ± 5,506 people
  2. Cuba
    9,583 ± 2,400 people
  3. Colombia
    4,347 ± 1,618 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Puerto Rico was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 51,093 Puerto Rico residents, followed by Cuba with 9,583 and Colombia with 4,347.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,343 ± 213
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    527 ± 183
  3. Korea
    418 ± 126

Ponce, PR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.55 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Ponce, PR employs 63.3k people. The largest industries in Ponce, PR are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,851 people), Retail Trade (8,528 people), and Educational Services (7,809 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($40,478), Finance & Insurance ($32,490), and Information ($29,877).

Males in Puerto Rico have an average income that is 1.12 times higher than the average income of females, which is $34,367. The income inequality in Puerto Rico (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

63.3k
2022 Value
± 1,995
2.17%
1 Year growth
± 4.48%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Ponce, PR grew at a rate of 2.17%, from 61.9k employees to 63.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ponce, PR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,404 people), Sales & Related Occupations (6,695 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (5,205 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ponce, PR.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

63.3k
2022 Value
± 1,995
2.17%
1 Year growth
± 4.48%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Ponce, PR grew at a rate of 2.17%, from 61.9k employees to 63.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ponce, PR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,851 people), Retail Trade (8,528 people), and Educational Services (7,809 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ponce, PR, though some of these residents may live in Ponce, PR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$18,723
Median earning men ± $620
$18,933
Median earning women ± $864

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($42,260), Public Administration ($30,860), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($26,064).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($27,843), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($27,449), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($24,573).

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Establishments by Size

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Ponce, PR awarded 3,710 degrees. The student population of Ponce, PR in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 5,570 male students and 9,325 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ponce, PR are Hispanic or Latino (3,690 and 99.5%), followed by Unknown (8 and 0.216%), White (6 and 0.162%), and Asian (2 and 0.0539%).

The largest universities in Ponce, PR by number of degrees awarded are Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (1,178 and 31.8%), Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (675 and 18.2%), and University of Puerto Rico at Ponce (379 and 10.2%).

The most popular majors in Ponce, PR are Electrician (210 and 5.66%), General Biomedical Sciences (205 and 5.53%), and General Psychology (185 and 4.99%).

The median tuition costs in Ponce, PR are $5,160 for private four year colleges, and $5,024 and $5,024 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Ponce, PR, the percentage of applicants admitted was 74.1%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 49%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 14,895 (37.4% men and 62.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 14,895 students enrolled in Ponce, PR, 37.4% men and 62.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 14,713 records, of which 62.7% were women and 37.3% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 123 degrees awarded
  2. 204 degrees awarded
  3. 147 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ponce, PR was General Psychology with 123 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ponce, PR according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,178 degrees awarded
  2. 675 degrees awarded
  3. 379 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce with 1,178 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,475 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ponce, PR, which is 0.66 times less than the 2,235 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 3,690 degrees mean that there were 461 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 8 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($8,551) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,600) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($2,168) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for .
Measure

In 2022, NaNN% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while NaNN% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for .
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were N/A.

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ponce, PR was $104,200 in 2022, which is 0.37 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $95,900 to $104,200, a 8.65% increase. The homeownership rate in Ponce, PR is 71.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Ponce, PR have an average commute time of 25.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Ponce, PR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Property

$104,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$1,683
$58,699
Median Property Taxes
±$1,329

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ponce, PR the largest share of households pay taxes in the None range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Ponce, PR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

71.7%
Homeownership
2022
74.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 71.7% of the housing units in Ponce, PR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Ponce, PR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

The following map shows all of the counties in Ponce, PR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$19,867
Median Household Income
± $582
81.9k
Number of Households
± 1,894

In 2022, the median household income of the 81.9k households in Ponce, PR grew to $19,867 from the previous year's value of $18,439.

The following chart displays the households in Ponce, PR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ponce, PR is from Puerto Rico.
0.457
2022 Wage GINI in Puerto Rico
0.456
2021 Wage GINI in Puerto Rico

In 2022, the income inequality in Puerto Rico was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.209% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Puerto Rico was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Puerto Rico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Puerto Rico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (86.1%)
  2. Carpooled (6.34%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.67%)

In 2022, 86.1% of workers in Ponce, PR drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.34%) and those who worked at home (3.67%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

25.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ponce, PR have a shorter commute time (25.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.01% of the workforce in Ponce, PR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ponce, PR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ponce, PR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ponce, PR have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

49.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ponce, PR (108k out of 219k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ponce, PR is Hispanic, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

94.9% of the population of Ponce, PR has health coverage, with 21.4% on employee plans, 53.7% on Medicaid, 10.2% on Medicare, 8.71% on non-group plans, and 0.906% on military or VA plans.

Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 20% under 18 years, 21% between 18 and 34 years, 36.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 22.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.6% were men and 53.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.1%
Uninsured
21.4%
Employer Coverage
53.7%
Medicaid
10.2%
Medicare
8.71%
Non-Group
0.906%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ponce, PR declined by 5.89% from 5.42% to 5.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ponce, PR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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